19th and 20th CENTURY SECTION
On display is a collection of tools related to the cultivation of grapes and the production of wine. A collection of glassware that is typical of household glassware in the 20thcentury.
The Linos (Wine Press) of Lania village
The traditional wine presses were used on the island since the beginning of wine making. Here at the Wine Press of Lania, one can see the powerful double horizontal beam, the Mouklos, acting as a lever, a large screw at one end of the beam and a heavy stone attached at the base of the screw, acting as counterweight. The grapes were pressed on an elevated stone built press bed, the Djiafi. The grape juice ran from the press bed into an earthenware vessel (The Podoshi) and from there it was transferred into the large jars (the Pitharia) where the fermentation took place.
Alestra (The Grinder)
A rather simplified way of making grape juice involved the crushing of the grapes n a grinder, the Alestra placed over a large wine jar. The grinder consists of a wooden trough inside of which, two cylinders with iron spikes are found. When set in motion they crushed the grapes, which fell into the jar beneath. Skins and must were then left in the jar together until fermentation was complete, at which point the new wine was strained and transferred into clean jars, where it was left to mature.