PITHARIA AND DANA JARS FROM KORNOS AND PHINI VILLAGE
The Pitharia jars from Kornos and Phini village Potters from the villages Kornos and Phini fabricated those large terracotta jars that were used exclusively for the storage of wine.
They used the clay that was found around their village. The potter (male) began building his jar from the bottom. He made the basis of the jar and laid it in a little ditch, or on a straw basket. Everyday the potter added a different layer (Fitili) to the jar. This process lasted 40 days. When the middle of the jar was reached, the potter added from the outside the ‘Zonari’, a clay belt, that protected the jar that was to be rolled on the ground later on. The Pitharia when finished were fired in a special kiln for 3 days. The jars were then coated internally with pine resin. The size of the Pitharia varied and we have Pitharia of one ‘Gomari’ up to ten. The same potters fabricated another kind of Pithari called ‘Dana’, which was exactly half a Pithari and was used for the collection of grape juice. Pitharia seized to be fabricated in the above villages as they were replaced by oak casks and containers. Today no potter makes Pitharia anymore.
The last Pithari was made in 1970 by Theofanis Pilavakis, a descendant of one of the last families that fabricated Pitharia in Phini.